Våler Kirke replaces the village’s historic wooden kirke – or church – that was completely destroyed by a fire in 2009. Oslo-based architect Espen Surnevik‘s design was the winner of an international competition as it presented an empathic response to the brief by honouring the memory of the previous church.
“The main story of the liturgy has become the narrative of the church: from fire to resurrection,” Surnevik explained, adding that the new building’s location, form and materiality are informed by its predecessor.
The Våler Kirke is positioned on the existing processional axis through the site. Its main entrance is directly aligned with that of the original 1860 building, which is immortalised by a low wall that traces its outline in the graveyard.
The new building’s floorplan is organised in four quadrants, with the main hall and baptistery flanked by a communal area and administration spaces.
This arrangement, along with projecting oriel openings on the north, south, east and west facades, directly references the old church’s cross-shaped form.
These two main spaces are defined externally by their pyramidal roofs, which reach heights of 12 and 24 metres. The angular volumes rest on a cast-concrete plinth that forms a common base or “bedrock” for the church.
Both of the roof structures are topped with openings that allow daylight to flood into the worship spaces and provide the congregation with a direct visual connection to the sky.
During the design process, Surnevik collaborated with artist Espen Dietrichson on ways to express the theme of resurrection through aspects of the church’s architecture.
“The most important element is the work with daylight coming into the church from different daylight openings,” the architect said. “This symbolises hope, and that light defies darkness after the tragic loss of the old church.”
A key outcome of the collaboration is the configuration of 28 windows that pierce the northeast corner of the main hall and allow additional daylight to fall on the altar.
The openings appear as simple vertical slots when viewed from outside, while internally Dietrichson introduced angled cuts and mirrored surfaces to reflect the light in a pattern resembling a sunburst.
The building is clad externally in boards of heartwood pine, which is a wood commonly used in local construction. The natural facades will gradually darken, and the intention is that they be replaced every 50 years so the church “will resurrect as new for every new-born generation”.
The interior spaces are wrapped in pale birch plywood that helps to enhance the sense of space and lightness generated by the soaring ceilings.
Surnevik has previously worked on a pair of cabins on stilts that raise them up to the height of a forest canopy in east Norway, while Dietrichson has produced photographic artworks depicting exploded views of buildings in the French city of Lyon.
Photography is by Michel Vo.
Architect: Espen Surnevik
Collaborating structural engineer: Dr. Techn. Kristoffer Apeland
Collaborating artist: Espen Dietrichson